25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (2024)

Hawaii is known for its stunning natural beauty, and one of the most iconic symbols of that beauty is its vibrant array of flowers. Whether you’re a seasoned horticulturist or simply appreciate the beauty of nature, a stroll through a Hawaiian garden or forest is sure to leave you in awe of the types of flowers that call this paradise home. Some of the most common and notable flowers found in Hawaii include the hibiscus, plumeria, and bird of paradise.

The hibiscus, which is also the state flower, comes in a variety of colors and can be seen in abundance throughout the islands. Plumeria, also known as frangipani, is a fragrant flower often used in leis and other decorative arrangements. The bird of paradise, with its striking orange and blue petals, is a favorite among tourists and locals alike.

While these flowers are certainly well-known, there are many other species that are just as beautiful and unique. From the delicate and rare Hawaiian orchids to the brightly colored ohia lehua, the flora of Hawaii is a testament to the incredible diversity of the natural world.

Overview of Hawaii’s Floral Diversity

Hawaii is known for its lush, tropical landscapes and diverse range of flora. The state is home to a wide variety of plant species, including both native and introduced plants.

Native vs. Introduced Species

Native species are plants that have evolved and adapted to Hawaii’s unique climate and geography over thousands of years. These plants are an integral part of Hawaii’s natural ecosystems and play an important role in maintaining the health and balance of the environment.

Introduced species, on the other hand, are plants that have been brought to Hawaii from other parts of the world. Many of these species were intentionally introduced for agricultural, ornamental, or medicinal purposes. However, some introduced species have become invasive and pose a threat to Hawaii’s native ecosystems.

Endemic Species

Endemic species are plants that are found only in Hawaii and nowhere else in the world. Hawaii has a high percentage of endemic species due to its isolation from other land masses. The state is home to over 1,400 species of vascular plants, with nearly 90% of them being found nowhere else in the world.

The unique climate, geography, and isolation of the Hawaiian Islands have contributed to the evolution of many distinct species of flora, making it a paradise for botanists and nature enthusiasts alike. Some notable endemic species include the Hawaiian hibiscus, which is the state flower of Hawaii, and the silversword, a rare and endangered plant found only on the slopes of Haleakala on Maui and Mauna Kea on the Big Island.

Overall, Hawaii’s floral diversity is a unique and important aspect of the state’s natural heritage. It is important to protect and preserve Hawaii’s native plant species and ecosystems for future generations to enjoy.

25 of the Most Common Flowers in Hawaii

Hawaii is known for its diverse and beautiful flora, with many species found nowhere else in the world. Here are the 25 most common flowers found in Hawaii:

1. Hibiscus

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (1)

Scientific name: Hibiscus brackenridgei

This yellow hibiscus is the state flower of Hawaii and can be found growing in dry and rocky habitats.

You may also like: Are There Seagulls in Hawaii?

2. Plumeria

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (2)

Scientific name: Plumeria rubra

Plumerias are highly fragrant flowers often used in Hawaiian leis, and can be found in a range of colors from white to pink to red.

3. Bird of Paradise

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (3)

Scientific name: Strelitzia reginae

This exotic flower, resembling the shape of a bird, is native to South Africa but can be found in many Hawaiian gardens.

4. Ginger

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (4)

Scientific name: Alpinia purpurata

This bright red ginger flower is a common sight in Hawaiian gardens and is used for medicinal purposes.

5. Orchid

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (5)

Scientific name: Dendrobium spp.

Hawaii is home to many orchid varieties, including the native Dendrobium orchids which can be found growing in trees.

6. Bougainvillea

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (6)

Scientific name: Bougainvillea spp.

These vibrant, colorful flowers are actually modified leaves, and can be found growing along fences and walls in Hawaii.

7. Heliconia

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (7)

Scientific name: Heliconia spp.

These unusual flowers with bright, long-lasting bracts can be found growing in the tropical rainforests of Hawaii.

8. Red Ginger

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (8)

Scientific name: Alpinia purpurata

This striking red ginger flower is a popular ornamental plant in Hawaii, often used in flower arrangements and landscaping.

9. Yellow Plumeria

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (9)

Scientific name: Plumeria obtusa

Yellow plumerias, also known as “Melia,” are commonly used in Hawaiian leis and have a sweet, floral scent.

10. White Ginger

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (10)

Scientific name: Hedychium coronarium

This fragrant, white ginger flower is commonly used in lei making and can be found growing wild in the Hawaiian rainforests.

11. Anthurium

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (11)

Scientific name: Anthurium andraeanum

These unique flowers with a distinctive heart-shaped spathe are commonly used in Hawaiian floral arrangements and can be found growing in the rainforest.

12. Ohia Lehua

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (12)

Scientific name: Metrosideros polymorpha

This endemic Hawaiian flower is considered sacred in Hawaiian culture and can be found growing in the high-elevation forests.

13. Red Hibiscus

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (13)

Scientific name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

This showy, red hibiscus flower is a common sight in Hawaiian gardens and is often used in landscaping.

14. White Hibiscus

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (14)

Scientific name: Hibiscus arnottianus

This delicate, white hibiscus flower is a native species of Hawaii and can be found growing in rocky and coastal areas.

15. Pink Plumeria

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (15)

Scientific name: Plumeria rubra

This lovely pink plumeria variety is often used in lei making and can be found growing throughout Hawaii.

16. Yellow Orchid

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (16)

Scientific name: Dendrobium spp.

This yellow orchid is one of many orchid varieties found in Hawaii and can be found growing in trees or on rocks.

17. Red Anthurium

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (17)

Scientific name: Anthurium andraeanum

This bold, red anthurium flower is a common feature in Hawaiian gardens and is also known for its heart-shaped bracts.

18. White Plumeria

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (18)

Scientific name: Plumeria alba

This white plumeria is another variety commonly used in Hawaiian leis and can be found growing in tropical areas.

19. Orange Hibiscus

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (19)

Scientific name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

This stunning, orange hibiscus is a popular ornamental plant in Hawaii and can be found in many gardens.

20. Purple Orchid

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (20)

Scientific name: Dendrobium spp.

This striking purple orchid is just one of many orchid varieties found in Hawaii, and can be found growing in trees or on rocks.

21. Red Ginger Torch

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (21)

Scientific name: Etlingera elatior

This tall, showy flower, also known as “Torch Ginger,” is a common sight in Hawaiian gardens and is used in many traditional dishes.

You may also like: Are There Squirrels in Hawaii? (Island Wildlife)

22. Yellow Bird of Paradise

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (22)

Scientific name: Strelitzia reginae

This bright yellow version of the exotic bird of paradise flower is a striking sight in any garden and is native to South Africa.

23. Pink Anthurium

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (23)

Scientific name: Anthurium andraeanum

This delicate, pink anthurium flower is commonly used in floral arrangements and is a popular ornamental plant in Hawaii.

24. Red Plumeria

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (24)

Scientific name: Plumeria rubra

This deep red plumeria variety is often used in lei making and is a common sight in Hawaiian gardens.

25. Pink Hibiscus

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (25)

Scientific name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

This charming, pink hibiscus flower is a popular ornamental plant in Hawaii and can be found in many gardens and landscapes.

Cultural importance of flowers in Hawaii

Flowers have played an integral role in Hawaiian culture for centuries, with many customs and traditions centered around these beautiful blooms. The people of Hawaii have long used flowers in everything from hula dances and lei-making to medicinal treatments and religious ceremonies.

Leis

One of the most well-known traditions involving flowers is the lei, a garland of flowers worn around the neck as a symbol of love, respect, and welcome.

Lei-making is a cherished art form in Hawaii, with a wide variety of flowers and plants used to create these intricate and colorful creations. Visitors to Hawaii are often greeted with leis as a sign of hospitality, and the exchange of leis is a common practice at weddings, graduations, and other celebrations.

Dance

In addition to the lei, flowers are also used in hula dances, with dancers often wearing floral headpieces or holding garlands of flowers as they perform. The hibiscus, Hawaii’s state flower, is frequently used in hula dances and is also a popular ornamental plant in gardens and landscapes throughout the islands.

Religion

Flowers also play a role in Hawaiian religion, with many native plants and flowers considered sacred and used in traditional healing practices. The Ohia Lehua, for example, is believed to have healing properties and is considered a symbol of love and devotion.

Tourism

Tourism is a significant part of Hawaii’s economy, and flowers play a crucial role in welcoming visitors to the islands. Flower arrangements can be found in hotels, restaurants, and shops throughout the islands, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere that reflects the spirit of aloha.

Flowers in Hawaii are a part of life

Flowers have long been a significant part of Hawaiian culture, with a wide variety of customs and traditions centered around these beautiful blooms.

From the lei to hula dances and religious ceremonies, flowers are an integral part of everyday life in Hawaii, and their vibrant colors and sweet scents serve as a symbol of the island’s natural beauty and warm hospitality.

You may also like:

5 Species of Sea Turtles in Hawaii (Pictures)Mammals Endemic to Hawaii: The 2 Species

25 Common Types of Flowers in Hawaii (Pictures) - Hawaii Bird Guide (2024)

References

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Rueben Jacobs

Last Updated:

Views: 6575

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (57 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Rueben Jacobs

Birthday: 1999-03-14

Address: 951 Caterina Walk, Schambergerside, CA 67667-0896

Phone: +6881806848632

Job: Internal Education Planner

Hobby: Candle making, Cabaret, Poi, Gambling, Rock climbing, Wood carving, Computer programming

Introduction: My name is Rueben Jacobs, I am a cooperative, beautiful, kind, comfortable, glamorous, open, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.